This research is focused on the land use land cover changes and urban expansion in megacity; Delhi, and highlights the major impact of the rapid growth of population and urbanization on the LULC changes for the period of thirty-four years, which need immediate attention. The multi-temporal satellite data and visual interpretation methods were used through Arc GIS Software. The results show that the built-up land has increased by 14.41 km2 /annum whereas agricultural, waste, barren, and scrubland shrink by 9.59 km2 /annum, 4.29 km2 /annum respectively, during this period. The built-up area expanded from 298 km2 to 773.59 km2 from 1985 to 2018 on the cost of agricultural, waste, barren, and scrubland. The increment of forest 2.92 percent during this period shows a healthy sign. The findings would provide insight to the planners and policymakers; for the management of urban land, and problems related to the growth of city regions.


Key words:

Urban Growth, LULCC, Built-Up Area, GIS, Remote Sensing


Urbanization is one of the most important global change processes. As the share of people in, and the footprint of, urban areas continue to grow globally and locally, understanding urbanization processes and resulting land use both their patterns and intensity is increasingly important with respect to natural resource use, sociodemographics, health, and global environmental change (Seto and Reenberg, 2014). For decades, urban studies have been grappling with the question of how to define “urban”; the definition of urban includes comparatively straightforward official definitions, such as those that use the administrative unit with a set minimum number of inhabitants (McIntyre et al. 2000 ), but, in some cases, it also includes such factors as population density, builtup area (urban landscape), commuting density, travel distance (Nilsson et al. 2014), and proportion of workforce engaged in non-agricultural economic activities (Census of India 2011). 

Urbanization has been a megatrend of global land-use change that can be observed in all parts of the world. By 2050 close to 70 percent of the global population will live in cities (Eurosat,2016). The present trend of urbanization in developing countries is especially due to rural-urban migration, the geographic expansion of urban areas through annexations, and the transformation and reclassification of rural villages into small urban settlements (United Nations, 2017). As has been observed in the rest of the world, India had similar impacts of urbanization and land use land cover (LULC) change. The independence of the country gave further impetus to the urbanization in Indian cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai (Delhi Census Handbook 1991). The economic liberalization policy of 1991 opened up the Indian economy to the international market, which saw the incoming of a large share of foreign direct investment (FDI) in metropolitan cities. Delhi region received a maximum share of FDI compared to other regions of the country. Along with this allowance of 100 percent, FDI in real estate and infrastructure by the Indian government has made Delhi susceptible to rapid urban growth (Namperumal et al. 2011). 

Delhi is one of the many megacities struggling with rapid urbanization and gigantic levels of pollution from industrial, residential and transportation sources (Mohan et al.2007). After independence, when Delhi witnessed a large influx of migrants, within a very short time the population of Delhi was approximately doubled. In a large migrating population, the city has expanded in a very unplanned and uncontrolled manner (Rahman, 2007). Such types of unplanned expansions have a direct impact on the quality of the urban environment affecting the efficiency of the people and their productivity in the overall socio-economic development (Netzband and Rahman,2007). In light of its past experiences and current trends of development, the emerging future of Delhi is one of the most important issue gaining focus from the authorities to improve the overall quality of life. Land use which is a highly dynamic entity in nature is one of the key parameters to quantify development (Gupta, 2014, 2006). The dynamic land-use database has a vital application to many diverse fields like Biodiversity-Environment, Forestry, Hydrology, Agriculture, Geology, Urban sprawl, etc.,

Location of the Study Area

The present study has been carried out on Delhi, the capital city of India located between the 28º24′17″ and 28º53′00″N latitudes and 76°45′30″ and 77º21′30″E longitudes. The elevation of the city ranges between 213 and 290 m. Delhi, the National Capital Territory situated near the western bank of river Yamuna which spreads over an area of around 1,490 km² is surrounded by the Himalayas in the North and the Aravali ranges in SouthWest. Delhi is one of the fastest-growing cities in the country. Due to the rapid pace of urbanization, the landscape of Delhi has undergone a change from a rural majority to urban. Delhi has 11 districts with 33 Tehsils/Sub-Divisions. 

Research Question

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the impact of the rapid growth of population on the land use/land cover. To see the spatial pattern of land use/ land cover change over the last 34 years. It is also interesting to investigate the land transformation of different category. The study area witnessed of high population growth over the time periods, and the area drastically changes in last two decades. The horizontal growth of different landuse categories was evaluated through satellite data.


The work has been based on census and satellite data, map sheets and village maps. The data has been processed through Arc-GIS software. The data collection involved satellite Image, secondary published data and limited primary data. To understand the complexity of dynamics of the pattern of land-use change of the city and land transformation, a few indicators were examined. The indicators such as land use, roads, railway network and the agricultural area were captured from map sheets and imagery and each of the layers were digitized. The extension of agriculture land during the last four decades (1985-2018) is determined by computing the area from the digitized map sheets, imagery and compared it with the areas of different time periods. The land use classification is shown in Table-1. To find out the growth of the city and its built-up area; we used Google Earth Image data with limited ground truth verification, Survey of India data, topo sheets, Other data: Census of India 1981,1991, 2001 & 2011, Planning Commission, Master Plan 2001, 2021 of DDA etc. other Ancillary Data provided basic information of the study area. With the help of topographic map (1:50,000), we prepared a base map of the study area, and then rectified all data through base map and proceed for visual classification (figure 1). 

Read More


Rupesh Kumar Gupta
Assistant Professor, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar College, University of Delhi, Delhi, India


  1. [url=]hq pharmacy online 365[/url] [url=]sildenafil 25 mg buy online[/url] [url=]purchase cialis 10mg[/url] [url=]how to buy modafinil in us[/url] [url=]can you buy amoxicillin over the counter uk[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacy discount coupon[/url] [url=]sildenafil 100mg tablets canada[/url] [url=]tadalafil cost 5mg[/url]

  2. [url=]price for viagra[/url] [url=]viagra online purchase singapore[/url] [url=]synthroid 10 mcg[/url] [url=]price of cialis in mexico[/url] [url=]cialis soft tabs 40mg[/url] [url=]compare cialis[/url] [url=]viagra pills brand[/url] [url=]buy cialis australia paypal[/url] [url=]pharmacy website[/url] [url=]tretinoin gel buy online[/url]

  3. [url=]viagra price in south africa[/url] [url=]best tadalafil tablets[/url] [url=]pharmacy no prescription required[/url] [url=]buy tadalafil mexico online[/url]

  4. [url=]provigil rx[/url] [url=]legitimate online pharmacy uk[/url] [url=]prozac in uk[/url] [url=]generic viagra prescription[/url] [url=]southern pharmacy[/url] [url=]where to buy viagra over the counter[/url] [url=]top online pharmacy[/url] [url=]can i buy viagra over the counter uk[/url] [url=]buy generic viagra 50mg online[/url] [url=]viagra from canada prices[/url]

  5. [url=]viagra medicine online purchase[/url] [url=]buy cheap viagra online from india[/url] [url=]fildena buy online[/url] [url=]ciprofloxacin 1g[/url] [url=]viagra cost prescription[/url] [url=]synthroid 37.5 mcg[/url] [url=]buy cheap furosemide[/url] [url=]retin a cream uk[/url] [url=]viagra otc united states[/url] [url=]600mg zoloft[/url]

  6. [url=]buy sildenafil online india[/url] [url=]cialis fast shipping[/url] [url=]buy generic cialis paypal[/url] [url=]how much is generic viagra in canada[/url] [url=]augmentin 500 mg generic[/url] [url=]diflucan over the counter uk[/url] [url=]canadadrugpharmacy[/url] [url=]how to order vigra on internet[/url] [url=]modafinil generic[/url] [url=]20 mg prozac capsule[/url]

  7. [url=]buy cialis tablets[/url] [url=]tadalafil 5mg daily use[/url] [url=]sildenafil citrate tablets ip 100 mg[/url] [url=]cheapest prescription pharmacy[/url]

  8. [url=]cost of cialis prescription[/url] [url=]how to get propecia prescription[/url] [url=]ventolin otc nz[/url] [url=]prednisone from india[/url]

  9. [url=]brand cialis canada[/url] [url=]viagra best price canada[/url] [url=]us pharmacy no prescription[/url] [url=]sildenafil tablet brand name[/url] [url=]can you buy sildenafil over the counter[/url] [url=]fildena 150[/url] [url=]generic sildenafil 40 mg[/url] [url=]how to buy stromectol[/url] [url=]buy generic cialis online australia[/url] [url=]tadalafil 20mg for female[/url]

  10. [url=]provigil price in india[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacy cialis 60 mg[/url] [url=]levitra 20 mg cheap[/url] [url=]viagra generic online cheapest[/url] [url=]sildenafil 50 mg tablet[/url]

  11. [url=]prednisone rx[/url] [url=]orlistat 120 mg cost[/url] [url=]fluoxetine mexico purchase[/url]

  12. [url=]cialis 20mg coupon[/url] [url=]amoxicillin 800 mg price[/url] [url=]can i buy viagra in europe[/url] [url=]can i buy viagra online in usa[/url] [url=]where can i get diflucan over the counter[/url] [url=]tadalafil generic over the counter[/url] [url=]prednisone without a prescription[/url] [url=]stromectol ebay[/url] [url=]where to buy cheap tadalafil[/url] [url=]buy cialis tablets[/url]

  13. [url=]tadalafil otc india[/url] [url=]how to obtain viagra[/url] [url=]indianpharmacy com[/url] [url=]canadadrugpharmacy[/url] [url=]zoloft tablets 50mg price[/url]

  14. [url=]vardenafil no prescription[/url] [url=]where can you get diflucan over the counter[/url] [url=]cialis without a prescription[/url] [url=]where can you get viagra uk[/url] [url=]where to buy generic viagra online[/url] [url=]buy cheap cialis discount online[/url] [url=]online pharmacy same day delivery[/url] [url=]best generic cialis brand[/url] [url=]deltasone 20 mg tablet[/url] [url=]tretinoin 05 mexico[/url]

  15. [url=]tadalafil 20mg online price[/url] [url=]viagra usa over the counter[/url] [url=]cialis 5mg cost[/url] [url=]prescription levitra online[/url]

  16. [url=]where to buy sildenafil online with paypal[/url] [url=]soft tabs viagra[/url] [url=]average cost of cialis daily use[/url] [url=]online viagra prescription usa[/url]

  17. [url=]viagra soft cheap[/url] [url=]buy generic cialis online 40mg[/url] [url=]tretinoin 012[/url] [url=]buy cheap viagra online canada[/url] [url=]tadalafil 10mg prices in india[/url]

  18. Е-мое, завалился в квартиру уставший с огорода и не знал где можно оперативно постреть хорошее кино, благо с соседом на лестничной площадке разговаривали, рекомендовал [url=]посмотреть тут [/url], здесь самаый большой каталог фильмов, начиная фильмов прошлого столетия и заканчивая новинками. Я был в восторге, пересмотрел кучу разных фильмов, а жена в мое отсуствие смотрела свои любимые сериалы, если не знаете где можно посмотреть всегда можно зайти на

  19. [url=]generic tadalafil 2018[/url] [url=]online cialis coupon[/url] [url=]cialis daily medication[/url]

  20. [url=]ventolin albuterol inhaler[/url] [url=]cialis europe[/url] [url=]cheap viagra no prescription[/url]

  21. [url=]sildenafil 100 mg tablet usa[/url] [url=]propecia in canada[/url] [url=]viagra 100mg tablet[/url] [url=]tadalafil tablets in india[/url] [url=]best generic finasteride brand[/url]

  22. [url=]viagra low cost[/url] [url=]sildenafil without prescription[/url] [url=]buy fildena 50 mg[/url] [url=]stromectol online[/url] [url=]generic viagra 100mg price[/url] [url=]generic propecia cost[/url] [url=]viagra on sale[/url]

  23. [url=]cialias[/url] [url=]stromectol without prescription[/url] [url=]buy viagra south africa online[/url] [url=]how to get cialis uk[/url] [url=]online pharmacy cialis[/url] [url=]fluoxetine 200 mg[/url]

  24. [url=]vardenafil discount[/url] [url=]express pharmacy[/url] [url=]glucophage 1000 mg price[/url] [url=]trusted online pharmacy[/url] [url=]100 mg gabapentin 100mg[/url]

  25. [url=]tadalafil 20mg[/url] [url=]synthroid capsules[/url] [url=]super saver pharmacy[/url] [url=]tadalafil generic from canada[/url]

  26. [url=]where to buy viagra online australia[/url] [url=]south africa cialis[/url] [url=]where can i get tadalafil[/url] [url=]10 mg cialis daily[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacy world coupon[/url] [url=]generic sildenafil 20mg cost[/url]

  27. [url=]tadalafil pills canada[/url] [url=]vardenafil without prescription[/url] [url=]where to purchase viagra pills[/url] [url=]clomid for sale[/url] [url=]buy cialis wholesale[/url] [url=]sildenafil generic over the counter[/url] [url=]buy fildena 50mg[/url]

  28. [url=]finasteride 0.1[/url] [url=]purchase propecia[/url] [url=]generic cialis 5mg daily[/url] [url=]cheap cialis canadian pharmacy[/url] [url=]sildenafil 100mg online india[/url]

  29. [url=]buy generic cialis uk[/url] [url=]online pharmacy us tadalafil[/url] [url=]how much is levitra 10mg[/url] [url=]www pharmacyonline[/url] [url=]modafinil india cost[/url] [url=]buy fildena 150 online[/url] [url=]sildenafil citrate women[/url]

  30. [url=]sildenafil otc us[/url] [url=]how to get amoxicillin prescription[/url] [url=]where can i get levitra[/url] [url=]buy viagra over the counter nz[/url] [url=]cialis lowest price canada[/url]

  31. [url=]100mg generic sildenafil[/url] [url=]purchase cheap viagra[/url] [url=]viagra script online[/url] [url=]online pharmacy drop shipping[/url] [url=]cheap viagra online united states[/url] [url=]amoxicillin for sale in us[/url] [url=]modafinil india[/url] [url=]sildenafil singapore[/url] [url=]zithromax tablets for sale[/url] [url=]retin a purchase canada[/url]

  32. [url=]purchase oral ivermectin[/url] [url=]how to get cialis in canada[/url] [url=]cialis 100mg for sale[/url] [url=]hydroxychloroquine 900 mg[/url] [url=]purchase cialis 20 mg[/url] [url=]amoxicillin over the counter[/url] [url=]how much is metformin cost[/url] [url=]pharmacy price comparison viagra[/url] [url=]buy viagra pharmacy uk[/url] [url=]cialis generic buy online[/url]

  33. [url=]prinivil online[/url] [url=]how to buy cialis[/url] [url=]cost of cialis in canada[/url] [url=]how to buy viagra usa[/url]

  34. [url=]neurontin 600 mg cost[/url] [url=]zoloft price without insurance[/url] [url=]cost of generic propecia[/url] [url=]can you purchase cialis over the counter[/url] [url=]maple leaf pharmacy in canada[/url]

  35. [url=]generic cialis online[/url] [url=]sildenafil buy cheap[/url] [url=]female viagra pills in india[/url] [url=]stromectol 3 mg[/url] [url=]tadalafil soft tablets 10 mg[/url] [url=]discount cialis online canada[/url] [url=]sildenafil rx coupon[/url] [url=]price of cialis in uk[/url] [url=]generic sildenafil[/url] [url=]azithromycin over the counter uk[/url]

  36. [url=]synthroid online prescription[/url] [url=]how much is sildenafil 100mg[/url] [url=]tadalafil tablets online india[/url]

  37. [url=]sildenafil india[/url] [url=]where can i buy finasteride[/url] [url=]best viagra pills online[/url] [url=]buy albuterol tablets[/url] [url=]generic cialis 10mg[/url] [url=]how much is sildenafil 100mg[/url]

  38. [url=]best tretinoin brand in india[/url] [url=]propecia prescription usa[/url] [url=]average cost for cialis[/url] [url=]xenical buy cheap[/url] [url=]viagra drugstore[/url] [url=]where to buy viagra pharmacy[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacies not requiring prescription[/url] [url=]generic cialis 2017 usa[/url] [url=]tadalafil 40[/url] [url=]600 mg zithromax[/url]

  39. [url=]levitra price in canada[/url] [url=]no petscriptions zoloft[/url] [url=]tadalafil medication[/url]

  40. [url=]cost for cialis for daily use[/url] [url=]viagra tablet 150 mg[/url] [url=]buy tadalafil in usa[/url] [url=]propecia drug in india[/url] [url=]where to get cialis in singapore[/url] [url=]cialis prescription australia[/url] [url=]cialis 2.5 mg price in india[/url] [url=]buy cheap sildenafil citrate[/url] [url=]cost viagra[/url] [url=]tadalafil soft 20[/url]

  41. [url=]sildenafil 100mg without a prescription[/url] [url=]buy vardenafil online uk[/url] [url=]price of cialis generic[/url] [url=]where can you buy propecia[/url] [url=]canadian cialis order[/url] [url=]where to buy cialis online[/url]

  42. [url=]pharmacies in canada that ship to the us[/url] [url=]tadalafil 20mg mexico[/url] [url=]generic cialis online prescription[/url] [url=]how to buy propecia online[/url] [url=]where can you get female viagra pills[/url]

  43. [url=]buy cheap viagra online us[/url] [url=]can i buy cialis online[/url] [url=]cost of diflucan in canada[/url] [url=]cost of cialis in australia[/url] [url=]fildena 50[/url]

  44. [url=]clomid pills online[/url] [url=]synthroid generic[/url] [url=]cialis 100mg cost[/url] [url=]cialis 500mg[/url]

  45. [url=]buy sildenafil with paypal[/url] [url=]sildenafil 1 pill[/url] [url=]purchase stromectol[/url] [url=]can i buy metformin over the counter uk[/url] [url=]best generic levitra[/url] [url=]buy propecia canada[/url] [url=]best online tadalafil[/url]

  46. [url=]zithromax tablets for sale[/url] [url=]online generic tadalafil[/url] [url=]metformin 500mg[/url]

  47. [url=]stromectol sales[/url] [url=]how can i buy viagra online[/url] [url=]sildenafil 20 mg pill[/url] [url=]viagra where to buy in india[/url] [url=]augmentin 1000 mg cost[/url] [url=]price generic cialis[/url] [url=]cialis cost without insurance[/url] [url=]finpecia 1 mg[/url] [url=]generic viagra price uk[/url] [url=]cialis daily price[/url]

  48. [url=]600 mg gabapentin capsule[/url] [url=]cialis 100mg pills[/url] [url=]viagra online order in india[/url] [url=]brand cialis 20 mg[/url]

  49. [url=]sildenafil 50 mg tablet cost[/url] [url=]neurontin 600[/url] [url=]stromectol ivermectin[/url] [url=]best sildenafil brand generic[/url] [url=]quineprox 30 mg[/url] [url=]pfizer viagra 100mg price[/url]

  50. [url=]can i buy lisinopril over the counter in canada[/url] [url=]how much is viagra in south africa[/url] [url=]metformin canadian pharmacy[/url] [url=]where to buy amoxicillin in singapore[/url] [url=]synthroid without a rx[/url] [url=]buy plaquenil from canada[/url] [url=]women viagra pills in india[/url]

  51. [url=]viagra in usa prescription[/url] [url=]viagra online no rx[/url] [url=]canadian online pharmacy no prescription[/url] [url=]generic zithromax online[/url] [url=]tretinoin online pharmacy[/url] [url=]order tadalafil online[/url] [url=]buy 50mg clomid[/url] [url=]tadalafil generic uk[/url] [url=]propecia 0.5 mg[/url] [url=]sildenafil soft tabs[/url]

  52. [url=]cost of generic viagra[/url] [url=]sildenafil us pharmacy[/url] [url=]purchase viagra canada[/url] [url=]gabapentin 2666[/url] [url=]buy viagra for female online[/url] [url=]generic cialis 20[/url] [url=]cheap viagra for sale online[/url] [url=]tadalafil soft 20 mg[/url] [url=]where can you get clomid pills[/url] [url=]viagra 100 pill[/url]

  53. [url=]sildenafil 50 mg online india[/url] [url=]where can i buy plaquenil[/url] [url=]online pharmacy reddit[/url]

  54. [url=]how to order viagra from mexico[/url] [url=]cost of stromectol medication[/url] [url=]viagra generic europe[/url] [url=]buy brand name viagra[/url] [url=]order cialis online canada[/url]

  55. [url=]levitra 2.5 mg[/url] [url=]viagra online price comparison[/url] [url=]tadalafil generic online[/url] [url=]buy gabapentin 100mg[/url]

  56. [url=]how much is tadalafil 5mg[/url] [url=]compare viagra[/url] [url=]viagra 200mg price[/url] [url=]cost of stromectol medication[/url] [url=]combivent asthma[/url] [url=]where to buy cialis online[/url] [url=]viagra over the counter price[/url] [url=]average cost cialis 5mg[/url] [url=]buy viagra without prescription[/url] [url=]zoloft generic 100mg[/url]

  57. [url=]compare viagra prices online[/url] [url=]sildenafil buy from canada[/url] [url=]viagra pills online south africa[/url]

  58. Добрый день дамы и господа!Предлагаем Вашему вниманию интересный сайт для заказа бурения скважин на воду. Бурение скважин в Минске – полный комплекс качественных и разумных по цене услуг. Заказывайте скважину для воды в АКВАБУРсервис – получите доступ к экологически чистой природной воде по самым выгодным в Минске ценам! Почему роторное бурение — более результативное? Роторное бурение в МинскеКогда бурится менее глубокая, фильтровая скважина, то используется обычное долото-резец и шнеки (стержень со сплошной винтовой поверхностью вдоль продольной оси), которые «ввинчиваются» в породу. При роторном бурении применяются шарошечные долота из высокопрочных сплавов с центральной или боковой промывкой, которые пробивают любую породу. При этом промывочная жидкость осуществляет выброс грунта из скважины и препятствует обрушению стенок пробуренного ствола. Поэтому роторным способом достигается глубина более 200м. Почему бурение называется роторным? Долото проходит твердую породу не только потому, что прилагает усилие и «пробивает» ее, но и потому что вращается и подает промывочную жидкость под давлением. А вращается долото при помощи ротора — крутящейся части двигателя. Ротор применяется в ряде технических областей, и бурильное оборудование — не исключение.
    От всей души Вам всех благ!

  59. [url=]cheapest brand name viagra[/url] [url=]tadalafil 2.5 mg tablets[/url] [url=]lisinopril 20mg[/url] [url=]female viagra australia[/url] [url=]vardenafil india[/url] [url=]buy ivermectin[/url] [url=]cialis medicine price[/url] [url=]zoloft 500mg[/url] [url=]gabapentin 3[/url] [url=]discount viagra usa[/url]

  60. [url=]propecia price in india[/url] [url=]generic viagra 25mg[/url] [url=]tadalafil gel[/url] [url=]sildenafil price in mexico[/url] [url=]viagra best buy[/url] [url=]zestoretic cost[/url] [url=]where to buy otc viagra[/url] [url=]cialis pills sale canada[/url]

  61. [url=]viagra for women sale[/url] [url=]diflucan 150 otc[/url] [url=]can i buy over the counter viagra[/url]

  62. [url=]prednisone buy without prescription[/url] [url=]purchase viagra[/url] [url=]promo code for canadian pharmacy meds[/url] [url=]australia online pharmacy free shipping[/url] [url=]can i buy viagra[/url] [url=]generic cialis cheap canada[/url]

  63. [url=]buy gabapentin without a prescription[/url] [url=]buy viagra in usa online[/url] [url=]cialis otc[/url] [url=]where can you buy cialis cheap[/url] [url=]retin a cream uk prices[/url]

  64. [url=]synthroid 175 mcg[/url] [url=]buy cheap cialis in canada[/url] [url=]where to buy tadalafil 20mg[/url] [url=]cialis daily use generic[/url] [url=]orlistat over the counter australia[/url]

  65. [url=]generic viagra tablets[/url] [url=]cialis 600 mg[/url] [url=]buy canadian levitra[/url] [url=]generic sildenafil in usa[/url]

  66. [url=]can i buy tadalafil in canada[/url] [url=]plaquenil[/url] [url=]where to get viagra for women[/url] [url=]price of cialis for daily use[/url] [url=]fildena 100 mg online[/url]

  67. [url=]viagra tablet 25 mg price[/url] [url=]viagra for sale in united states[/url] [url=]cialis cheap[/url] [url=]lisinopril 20 mg[/url] [url=]tadalafil prices[/url] [url=]cheap cialis sale online[/url]

  68. [url=]how to get viagra in australia[/url] [url=]how to buy cialis online in australia[/url] [url=]vardenafil 20 mg online[/url] [url=]buy sildenafil citrate[/url] [url=]azithromycin online fast shipping[/url] [url=]buying synthroid online[/url] [url=]cheap viagra wholesale[/url] [url=]order prednisone with mastercard debit[/url] [url=]zoloft uk[/url] [url=]brand cialis[/url]

  69. [url=]1.25 albuterol[/url] [url=]generic sildenafil online uk[/url] [url=]where to buy viagra in south africa[/url] [url=]orlistat price in south africa[/url] [url=]generic viagra 100mg india[/url] [url=]buy cialis online visa[/url] [url=]finasteride for sale[/url] [url=]best viagra pills[/url] [url=]zestril coupon[/url] [url=]gabapentin 300 mg for sale[/url]

  70. [url=]can you buy prozac[/url] [url=]gabapentin 500[/url] [url=]buy xenical cheap uk[/url] [url=]tadalafil 10 mg canadian pharmacy[/url] [url=]where to buy tadalafil[/url] [url=]lisinopril 30 mg price[/url] [url=]zoloft 2019[/url] [url=]where can you buy female viagra pill[/url] [url=]tadalafil 5mg brand name[/url] [url=]hydroxychloroquine oral[/url]

  71. [url=]buy clomid online paypal[/url] [url=]plaquenil 10 mg[/url] [url=]sildenafil 25 mg coupon[/url] [url=]ivermectin goodrx[/url] [url=]buy real viagra[/url] [url=]blue capsules orlistat 60[/url] [url=]can i order viagra from canada[/url] [url=]can you buy gabapentin over the counter[/url] [url=]order cheap viagra online[/url] [url=]cialis 20mg professional[/url]

  72. [url=]where can i get azithromycin[/url] [url=]online viagra tablet canada[/url] [url=]ventolin 90[/url] [url=]generic cialis cipla[/url] [url=]cialis 10mg tablet[/url] [url=]cipla viagra[/url] [url=]levitra 40 mg pay with mastercard[/url] [url=]generic cialis 80mg[/url] [url=]cost of viagra in usa[/url] [url=]zoloft 50 mg buy online[/url]

  73. [url=]genuine cialis for sale[/url] [url=]buy gabapentin online canada[/url] [url=]sildenafil online for sale[/url] [url=]buy provigil in mexico[/url] [url=]viagra over the counter uk[/url] [url=]cost for cialis 20mg[/url] [url=]10mg viagra for women[/url] [url=]cost viagra 100mg[/url] [url=]plaquenil 300 mg[/url] [url=]tretinoin 0.25 cream uk[/url]

  74. [url=]where can i buy generic viagra online[/url] [url=]rx cialis online[/url] [url=]buy synthroid no prescription[/url] [url=]cost of cialis 5 mg in canada[/url] [url=]sildenafil 110 mg capsule[/url]

  75. [url=]fildena india[/url] [url=]where can i get tretinoin cream[/url] [url=]buy viagra online cheap[/url] [url=]cialis viagra comparison[/url] [url=]diflucan cap 150 mg[/url] [url=]how much is vardenafil 20mg[/url] [url=]hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablet 200 mg[/url] [url=]lisinopril 2019[/url] [url=]viagra daily use[/url] [url=]clomid uk prescription[/url]

  76. [url=]lisinopril 50 mg tablet[/url] [url=]buy cialis online without prescription[/url] [url=]azithromycin otc[/url] [url=]generic cialis 2018 prices[/url] [url=]generic tadalafil 20mg[/url] [url=]proventil albuterol[/url] [url=]fildena 100 mg for sale[/url] [url=]deltasone otc[/url] [url=]sildenafil online canadian pharmacy[/url] [url=]gabapentin 500 mg price[/url]

  77. [url=]amoxicillin 850 mg price[/url] [url=]tadalafil tablet online in india[/url] [url=]viagra 100 mg tablet buy online[/url]

  78. [url=]female viagra cheap[/url] [url=]sildenafil online pharmacy uk[/url] [url=]us pharmacy viagra[/url] [url=]neurontin pill[/url] [url=]purchase tadalafil 5mg online[/url]

  79. [url=]zestril 10 mg price[/url] [url=]viagra for women pills[/url] [url=]synthroid 188 mcg[/url] [url=]how much is daily cialis[/url] [url=]fildena 100 free shipping[/url] [url=]diflucan generic price[/url] [url=]sildenafil tablet online india[/url]

  80. [url=]can you buy zoloft in mexico[/url] [url=]cialis for sale mexico[/url] [url=]tadalafil pills price[/url] [url=]how much is cialis canada[/url] [url=]where can i buy metformin over the counter uk[/url]

  81. [url=]where to buy orlistat 120mg[/url] [url=]sildenafil mexico pharmacy[/url] [url=]buy ivermectin[/url] [url=]script pharmacy[/url] [url=]generic viagra buy uk[/url] [url=]tadalafil generic best price[/url] [url=]lisinopril 25 mg tablet[/url] [url=]cialis canada purchase[/url] [url=]gabapentin 600 mg tabs[/url] [url=]glucophage 500mg price in india[/url]

  82. [url=]mail order levitra[/url] [url=]stromectol for humans[/url] [url=]albuterol online canada[/url] [url=]female viagra pill online[/url] [url=]where to get viagra for women[/url]

  83. [url=]buy discount levitra[/url] [url=]fluoxetine 10 mg prescription cost[/url] [url=]generic propecia prescription[/url] [url=]cheap viagra soft[/url] [url=]sildenafil medicine in india[/url] [url=]generic viagra soft[/url] [url=]where to buy fildena[/url] [url=]buy generic viagra europe[/url] [url=]female viagra pill for sale[/url] [url=]tretinoin cream uk[/url]

  84. [url=]buy viagra in singapore[/url] [url=]where can i buy amoxocillin[/url] [url=]buy viagra express[/url] [url=]generic cialis from india[/url]

  85. [url=]buy levitra online canada[/url] [url=]where to purchase tadalafil[/url] [url=]trust pharmacy[/url]

  86. [url=]viagra online generic[/url] [url=]buy viagra online uk fast delivery[/url] [url=]average price of cialis 20mg[/url] [url=]ivermectin lotion cost[/url] [url=]cheapest cialis 40mg[/url]

  87. [url=]canada pharmacy 24h[/url] [url=]where can you buy synthroid[/url] [url=]canada prescription viagra[/url] [url=]how to buy cheap viagra online[/url] [url=]cheap genuine viagra online[/url] [url=]how much is amoxil[/url] [url=]can you buy clomid over the counter in mexico[/url]

  88. [url=]metformin 850 mg price in india[/url] [url=]tadalafil buy cheap[/url] [url=]buy soft cialis[/url] [url=]best price generic tadalafil[/url] [url=]xenical online usa[/url] [url=]buying viagra in europe[/url]

  89. [url=]buy online cialis[/url] [url=]online pharmacy in turkey[/url] [url=]cialis mexico over the counter[/url] [url=]100mg gabapentin tablets[/url] [url=]buy viagra online australia[/url] [url=]sildenafil price nz[/url] [url=]tadalafil 100mg price[/url] [url=]viagra generic online[/url] [url=]sildenafil uk pharmacy[/url] [url=]azithromycin 250 price[/url]

  90. [url=]generic sildenafil buy[/url] [url=]levitra soft tabs[/url] [url=]canadian cialis 5mg[/url] [url=]ivermectin tablet price[/url]

  91. [url=]viagra pills price in south africa[/url] [url=]tadalafil 20 mg over the counter[/url] [url=]how much is 50 mg viagra[/url] [url=]prednisone 60 mg tablets[/url] [url=]cialis for daily use best price[/url]

  92. [url=]viagra cost in usa[/url] [url=]tadalafil 50mg generic[/url] [url=]clomid medication uk[/url] [url=]cheap cialis tablets[/url]

  93. [url=]generic viagra otc[/url] [url=]sildenafil 20 mg cost[/url] [url=]tretinoin medication[/url] [url=]buy real viagra no prescription[/url] [url=]viagra miami[/url] [url=]cialis 200mg pills[/url] [url=]purchase sildenafil 100 mg[/url] [url=]viagra to buy online[/url] [url=]order gabapentin online uk[/url] [url=]buy cialis online 5 mg[/url]

  94. [url=]where to buy sildenafil uk[/url] [url=]cheapest price for sildenafil 20 mg[/url] [url=]cheap sildenafil canada[/url]

  95. [url=]canada discount pharmacy[/url] [url=]cialis 20 mg india[/url] [url=]tadalafil 10mg[/url] [url=]cialis 20mg canada[/url] [url=]sildenafil tablets in india[/url] [url=]price of stromectol[/url] [url=]where to get viagra no prescription[/url] [url=]best tadalafil tablets[/url]

  96. [url=]discount online viagra[/url] [url=]fildena 100 mg[/url] [url=]can i purchase cialis over the counter[/url] [url=]zoloft prescription coupon[/url] [url=]buy cheap viagra uk[/url] [url=]cheap viagra for sale[/url] [url=]generic for viagra[/url] [url=]amoxicillin 500mg capsules uk[/url] [url=]tadalafil online uk[/url] [url=]onlinecanadianpharmacy[/url]

  97. [url=]tadalafil tablets 20 mg uk[/url] [url=]synthroid 05 mg[/url] [url=]where can i buy viagra pills over the counter[/url] [url=]gabapentin[/url] [url=]no prescription ventolin hfa[/url]

  98. [url=]cialis generic medication[/url] [url=]buy metformin online no prescription[/url]

  99. [url=]augmentin purchase uk[/url] [url=]sildenafil in usa[/url] [url=]generic cialis without prescription[/url] [url=]generic vardenafil uk[/url] [url=]buy generic viagra professional[/url] [url=]buy tretinoin over the counter[/url] [url=]ventolin tablets uk[/url]

  100. [url=]sildenafil tablets 120 mg[/url] [url=]buy generic levitra uk[/url] [url=]generic cialis soft tabs online[/url] [url=]metformin 850 mg price in india[/url] [url=]cheap brand name cialis[/url] [url=]brand name cialis online[/url] [url=]finasteride 1mg coupon[/url]

  101. [url=]viagra 20[/url] [url=]buy online cialis 20mg[/url] [url=]clomid tablets australia[/url] [url=]prices generic cialis[/url] [url=]cialis rx cost[/url] [url=]cheap tretinoin cream[/url] [url=]buy viagra super active[/url] [url=]female viagra price india[/url] [url=]how to get viagra in india[/url] [url=]prozac nz[/url]

  102. [url=]buy prinivil[/url] [url=]6.25 mg zoloft[/url] [url=]average price of cialis daily[/url] [url=]buy generic tadalafil 20mg[/url] [url=]buy modafinil canada[/url] [url=]tadalafil capsules 21 mg[/url]

  103. Such comments may be positive in nature, but they add no value whatsoever to the post. Nobody wants to read a meaningless drivel that simply takes up space. A blog’s commenting feature should only be used
    f you are making the mistake of adding meaningless 2-3 word comments on various blogs, you are wasting your time, and more importantly, you are wasting the time of the other blogger — annoying fellow bloggers is not the point of commenting.

  104. Let’s talk about how to develop a practice of good, strong, meaningful commenting that will benefit you and your fellow bloggers and readers.
    First, I suggest that you sign up for Gravatar so that you can add a personal image or brand image to your commenting profile. This is a must-have requisite when looking to brand yourself.

  105. [url=]generic female viagra online[/url] [url=]plaquenil drug[/url] [url=]lisinopril 20mg 25mg[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacy viagra 50 mg[/url] [url=]canada tadalafil generic[/url] [url=]viagra professional cheap[/url] [url=]how to order levitra online[/url]

  106. [url=]prednisone oral[/url] [url=]usa pharmacy online[/url] [url=]sildenafil 25 mg prices[/url] [url=]generic viagra prices in usa[/url] [url=]best sildenafil pills[/url] [url=]where to buy cialis over the counter[/url] [url=]provigil generic[/url] [url=]stromectol south africa[/url] [url=]how much is cialis generic[/url] [url=]order generic cialis[/url]

  107. Next, whenever you read a post that you find useful or meaningful in some way, think about how you can add value to that post.
    If you read a post that you think is deserving of only a “good info” or “good share”, then you don’t have anything meaningful to add to the post, and don’t comment. But, if you liked the post, you should consider sharing the article to show your appreciation and/or respect.

  108. [url=]sildenafil where to buy[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacy com[/url] [url=]how can i get generic viagra[/url] [url=]online tadalafil 20mg[/url] [url=]sildenafil 100 mg best price[/url]

  109. [url=]buy cialis soft[/url] [url=]viagra cialis online[/url] [url=]ivermectin 0.5% brand name[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacy modafinil[/url] [url=]tadalafil 10 mg tablet[/url]

  110. [url=]tretinoin 5[/url] [url=]cost viagra 100mg[/url] [url=]can i buy gabapentin otc[/url] [url=]cialis online pharmacy paypal[/url]

  111. [url=]hydroxychloroquine tablet ip 200 mg[/url] [url=]canada pharmacy online legit[/url] [url=]cialis 20mg price australia[/url] [url=]buy xenical online canada[/url] [url=]female viagra 500mg[/url]

  112. [url=]tadalafil 20mg cheap online[/url] [url=]stromectol 3 mg tablets price[/url] [url=]canada rx pharmacy[/url] [url=]online purchase viagra[/url] [url=]cialis 20mg cost[/url] [url=]best price for cialis 2.5 mg[/url] [url=]levitra online best price[/url]

  113. [url=]neurontin 400 mg tablets[/url] [url=]fluoxetine from mexico[/url] [url=]can you buy levitra online[/url]

  114. [url=]cialis generic medication[/url] [url=]how to get cialis discount[/url] [url=]generic zithromax online[/url] [url=]pharmacy prices for sildenafil[/url] [url=]buying cialis online[/url]

  115. [url=]cialis cheapest price[/url] [url=]lisinopril 5mg tabs[/url] [url=]viagra cost canada[/url] [url=]how much is tadalafil cost[/url] [url=]cheap cialis fast shipping[/url] [url=]tretinoin 0.5 uk[/url] [url=]list of online pharmacies[/url] [url=]generic viagra canada[/url] [url=]pharmacy website[/url] [url=]cialas[/url]

  116. [url=]neurontin tablets 100mg[/url] [url=]order viagra online[/url] [url=]female viagra generic[/url] [url=]ivermectin 2%[/url] [url=]sildenafil pfizer[/url] [url=]retin a gel for sale[/url] [url=]viagra online no prescription canada[/url] [url=]cialis 40mg india[/url]

  117. [url=]propecia where to buy australia[/url] [url=]female viagra pill cost[/url] [url=]good pill pharmacy[/url] [url=]viagra free shipping canada[/url] [url=]lisinopril 40 mg daily[/url] [url=]generic viagra from us[/url] [url=]cialis 20mg india price[/url]

  118. [url=]sildenafil 20 mg discount[/url] [url=]sildenafil 100mg price in india[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacies that deliver to the us[/url] [url=]buy online pharmacy uk[/url] [url=]tadalafil without prescription[/url] [url=]how much is ivermectin[/url] [url=]sildenafil 100mg online canada[/url] [url=]quineprox[/url] [url=]cialis purchase india[/url] [url=]propecia generic canada[/url]

  119. [url=]female viagra buy australia[/url] [url=]generic cialis 20 mg cheap[/url] [url=]rx cialis[/url] [url=]cealis from canada[/url] [url=]amoxicillin 500mg no rx[/url]

  120. [url=]tadalafil female[/url] [url=]discount tadalafil[/url] [url=]how to viagra online[/url] [url=]propecia prescription online[/url] [url=]buy cialis fast shipping[/url]

  121. [url=]buy generic xenical[/url] [url=]buy cialis online nz[/url] [url=]viagra from india[/url] [url=]cheapest brand viagra online[/url] [url=]viagra medicine online[/url] [url=]cheapest cialis 20mg[/url] [url=]viagra medicine price in india[/url] [url=]clomid 150mg[/url] [url=]purchase cheap cialis soft tabs[/url] [url=]214 gabapentin[/url]

  122. [url=]cialis for daily use[/url] [url=]viagra super active[/url] [url=]cialis 5mg price canada[/url] [url=]cialis online cheap[/url] [url=]sildenafil 50 mg buy online india[/url] [url=]buy viagra online nz[/url] [url=]average cost for cialis[/url] [url=]cialis purchase india[/url] [url=]sildenafil 150 mg[/url] [url=]pharmacy gabapentin[/url]

  123. [url=]buy generic cialis online australia[/url] [url=]cialis online cheap[/url] [url=]fildena 100 usa[/url] [url=]vardenafil canadian pharmacy[/url] [url=]buy cialis online fast delivery[/url] [url=]compare viagra prices online[/url] [url=]100mg generic sildenafil[/url] [url=]canada pharmacy 24h[/url] [url=]hydroxychloroquine 400 mg[/url] [url=]cialis 500mg[/url]

  124. [url=]viagra singapore over the counter[/url] [url=]buy viagra online no script[/url] [url=]sildenafil pills[/url] [url=]where to get cialis in canada[/url] [url=]tadalafil generic best price[/url]

  125. [url=]tadalafil united states[/url] [url=]order viagra united states[/url] [url=]cialis coupon[/url] [url=]finasteride online 1mg[/url] [url=]orlistat canada[/url] [url=]fildena 150 online[/url] [url=]vardenafil generic from canada[/url] [url=]hydroxychloroquine 90mg[/url] [url=]viagra prescriptions online[/url] [url=]lisinopril 40 mg prices[/url]

  126. [url=]buying diflucan without prescription[/url] [url=]cheap online cialis[/url] [url=]tadalafil price in india[/url] [url=]price of tadalafil in us[/url] [url=]best online viagra canada[/url] [url=]best cheap cialis[/url] [url=]how can i get viagra[/url] [url=]how to get real cialis online[/url] [url=]cheapest online sildenafil[/url] [url=]buy cheap cialis from india[/url]

  127. [url=]sildenafil 50 price[/url] [url=]zithromax 3 capsules[/url] [url=]zoloft 2018[/url] [url=]reputable online pharmacy no prescription[/url] [url=]60 mg sildenafil[/url] [url=]online viagra tablets in india[/url] [url=]glucophage mastercard[/url]

  128. [url=]sildenafil 100mg usa[/url] [url=]buy tadalafil online australia[/url] [url=]generic viagra cost in canada[/url] [url=]propecia prices[/url] [url=]6 mg tadalafil[/url]

  129. [url=]purchase cialis with paypal[/url] [url=]generic prinivil[/url] [url=]best pharmacy prices for viagra[/url] [url=]online pharmacy same day delivery[/url] [url=]gabapentin pill 600 mg[/url] [url=]tretinoin 1 cream online[/url] [url=]cheap generic viagra in canada[/url] [url=]online pharmacy ed[/url] [url=]ivermectin 1%[/url] [url=]mail order pharmacy[/url]

  130. [url=]cheap cialis online usa[/url] [url=]viagra price in india[/url] [url=]modafinil 200[/url] [url=]buy sildenafil online no prescription[/url] [url=]provigil online australia[/url] [url=]viagra tablets online india[/url] [url=]cialis professional price[/url] [url=]pfizer viagra online[/url] [url=]generic viagra over the counter[/url] [url=]clomid over the counter south africa[/url]

  131. [url=]buy tadalafil 10mg india[/url] [url=]viagra without presc uk[/url] [url=]hydroxychloroquine 300 mg[/url] [url=]india cialis pharmacy[/url] [url=]mail order pharmacy india[/url] [url=]cialis 20mg canada[/url] [url=]viagra 50 mg[/url] [url=]cialis 100mg uk[/url] [url=]tadalafil where to buy[/url] [url=]cialis without a doctor[/url]

  132. [url=]tadalafil 10mg buy[/url] [url=]tadalafil price comparison[/url] [url=]buy propecia tablets[/url] [url=]how to get doxycycline 100mg[/url] [url=]sildenafil 100mg tablets uk[/url] [url=]genuine viagra online usa[/url] [url=]canada rx pharmacy[/url] [url=]cialis wholesale[/url] [url=]sildenafil price[/url] [url=]where can i get sildenafil[/url]

  133. [url=]cheap viagra canada[/url] [url=]cialis brand name online[/url] [url=]diflucan generic cost[/url] [url=]cialis generic from india[/url] [url=]where can i buy generic viagra in canada[/url] [url=]online pharmacy cialis united states[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacy discount coupon[/url] [url=]buy generic sildenafil online[/url] [url=]sildenafil pharmacy[/url] [url=]buy azithromycin 500mg online us[/url]

  134. usa casinos no deposit free w [2021-02-22 21:11:31] [url=]free casino slots no download[/url] new online casinos accepting usa

  135. [url=]canadian pharmacy no prescription needed[/url] [url=]cost of 5 mg tadalafil pills[/url] [url=]can you buy tadalafil online[/url] [url=]tadalafil generic price[/url] [url=]cialis sublingual[/url]

  136. В Pinterest с 2012 г. Реклама в нем дает Заказчикам из Etsy, Shopify, amazon заработки от 7000 до 100 000 usd в месяц. Ручная работа, Цена 500-1000 usd за месяц

  137. [url=]cheap viagra on line[/url] [url=]sildenafil best price canada[/url] [url=]cheap viagra for sale online[/url] [url=]cheap cialis online india[/url] [url=]cialis prescription usa[/url]

  138. [url=]sildenafil 150 mg online[/url] [url=]can you buy clomid in canada[/url] [url=]super active cialis[/url] [url=]female viagra where to buy uk[/url] [url=]otc cialis pills[/url]

  139. [url=]brand viagra price[/url] [url=]zithromax 1500 mg[/url] [url=]female viagra pill where to buy[/url] [url=]tadalafil generic 10mg[/url] [url=]pharmaceutical online[/url]

  140. [url=]azithromycin canadian pharmacy to us[/url] [url=]mexican pharmacy weight loss[/url] [url=]buy viagra online using paypal[/url] [url=]generic vardenafil online[/url] [url=]provigil mexico[/url] [url=]ivermectin usa price[/url]

  141. [url=]propecia over the counter[/url] [url=]online cialis pharmacy[/url] [url=]how to clomid[/url] [url=]viagra 25 mg coupon[/url] [url=]top mail order pharmacies[/url] [url=]cheap generic viagra 25mg[/url] [url=]buy online generic cialis[/url] [url=]cialis 20 mg generic india[/url] [url=]modafinil 200mg uk[/url] [url=]where can i get generic viagra online[/url]