How to Write a Research Paper: IN 10 Steps

How to Write a Research Paper If you’re a university scholar, you’ll most likely have to write down at the very least one college-level analysis paper earlier than you graduate. Writing a great analysis paper will be daunting when you have by no means finished it earlier than. We’re right here to assist.

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Here are the steps and sources you have to write a robust analysis paper, in addition to guidelines to go over to make sure you wrote a great paper. Research writing generally is a problem, however with just a little observe, it could possibly develop into an essential part of your educational {and professional} toolkit.

The Process

The following steps will make it easier to write an analysis paper, beginning with nothing however a task or immediate and ending up with a well-crafted essay. The steps are:

  • Step 1: Get familiar with the assignment
  • Step 2: Pick a topic
  • Step 3: Research
  • Step 4: Organize research
  • Step 5: Form a thesis
  • Step 6: Create an outline
  • Step 7: Write
  • Step 8: Edit for content
  • Step 9: Edit for grammar
  • Step 10: Re-read and submit your paper

  Step 1: Get Familiar with the Assignment

This could sound apparent, but it surely’s essential to grasp what your instructor or professor is asking for earlier than you begin writing your analysis paper. Many college students skip this step, after which surprise why they obtain a low grade on a paper they labored exhausting on or had been enthusiastic about. It’s actually because they didn’t learn the directions.

Spend time going over the task. Look at everything your teacher has offered you with. Carefully learn the writing task, prompts, grading rubric, or another supply you’ve obtained. It would possibly even be useful to focus on and take notes on the task. Take time to grasp precisely what you’re being requested to write down and the way you’ll be graded on it. And should you aren’t positive, ask! Ask your instructor for clarification earlier than you even decide a subject. That approach, you’ll be positive you’re heading in the right direction.

  Step 2: Pick a Topic

Once you perceive what you’re being requested to write down in your analysis paper, it’s time to determine what to write down about. This will be daunting, however, don’t get too bent out of practice. It will be very useful to write down about one thing you’re excited about or enthusiastic about, however, don’t fear about selecting the proper subject. In many instances, a controversial topic will be best, as a way to train your skill to objectively clarify differing positions, and even defend one of the tasks requires that.

Use the rules given by your teacher to assist decide your paper subject. If you’ve got a subject that you simply love, however you’re having to bother becoming it into the rules, select one other subject. It can be simpler for you in the long term to write down a few subjects that match the task. It’s essential to be engaged within the subject you’re writing about it, however, you don’t just find it irresistible. It’s additionally good to appreciate that you should utilize this analysis writing task as a possibility to find out about one thing new. You can be considered a professional within the subject by the top of this course of, however, you mustn’t know everything properly now.

How to Write a Research Paper
How to Write a Research Paper

  Step 3: Research

And now what you’ve gotten been ready for — analysis! This step is fairly versatile; completely different folks will analysis for a paper in several methods. However, it’s essential to remain targeted and transfer fairly rapidly. After all, you continue to have to write down your analysis paper.

Several key issues to recollect as your analysis are: 1) skim, 2) discover dependable sources, and three) don’t ignore info.

First off, skimming. You mustn’t learn in-full everything ever written about your subject. In truth, you most likely can’t. Get snug studying by issues rapidly. Learn how to establish key factors and arguments without getting slowed down and studying each phrase.

Next, discover dependable sources. Although this will run opposite to what you’ve been advised, you should utilize Wikipedia to write down an analysis paper. But, you can’t use that as the last supply. You can use normal sources like Wikipedia to get aware of a subject, discover key phrases that may additionally drive your analysis, and rapidly perceive giant quantities of knowledge. But, for the knowledge you employ in your paper, you must discover dependable sources.

Take what you’ve gotten realized from a Google search or Wikipedia article and dig deeper. Check out the sources on the article, use key phrases out of your web search to go looking a tutorial database, or ask a professional whether or not or not what you realized is legitimate and whether it is, the place yow will discover a dependable supply stating the identical factor. So, simply to be clear: you should utilize Wikipedia as a place to begin in your analysis, however, you shouldn’t cite Wikipedia as one of many major sources to your analysis paper.

Finally, don’t ignore info. You can discover an article that claims something you need it to say. Did researchers not too long ago uncover that octopus DNA is the product of alien DNA from the outer house? Are the spires on the Cinderella Castle at Disney World detachable in case of a hurricane? Did a cook dinner try and assassinate George Washington by feeding him poisoned tomatoes? You can discover articles testifying that each one three of the earlier claims are true; nevertheless, if you dig deeper, it’s clear that they’re not. Just since you discover one article stating that one thing is true, that doesn’t essentially imply it’s an incontrovertible fact that you should utilize in your analysis.

Work to grasp the entire completely different viewpoints and colleges of thought in your subject. This will be finished by studying a wide range of articles, studying a guide or article that provides a summary of the subject and incorporates completely different factors of view, or speaking to a professional who can clarify the subject in depth.

  Step 4: Organize Your Research

So you’ve gotten all of this info, now what to do with it? Step 4 is all about getting organized. Like analysis, completely different folks have completely different preferences right here. It may also rely on your task. Some form of bibliography (actually “book writing,” it is a listing of the books, articles, and different sources you’ve gotten utilized in your analysis) is useful relating to organizing your analysis.

If your instructor requires you to show in a bibliography together with your analysis paper (assume again to step #1; you must already know precisely what the task is by now!), create a bibliography that meets the necessities for the paper. If you’re simply making one only for your self, take into consideration the way you want to set up your analysis. It would possibly make sense to bookmark sources in your net browser or make a digital bibliography that lets you hyperlink the sources you discovered. You would possibly desire a printed listing of your sources otherwise you would possibly need to write down all you’ve gotten realized that’s related to your undertaking on notecards or sticky notes and set up your analysis paper on a desk or the ground.

  Step 5: Form a Thesis

Now that you simply perceive what you’ve been requested to do, have chosen a subject that matches the task, and have researched and arranged that analysis, you’re able to articulate your personal opinion, argument, or assertion. Even should you aren’t arguing for or in opposition to something, your paper wants a thesis. A thesis is a brief assertion that you simply — as researcher and creator — put ahead for the readers of your paper as to what you are attempting to elucidate or show.

A place to begin when writing a thesis could be to write down a one-sentence reply to the query: what’s your paper about? The reply could be one thing like the next examples:

  • My paper explains the connection between canines and people.
  • It’s about college insurance policies on freshmen residing on campus.
  • I wrote about views on marriage in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice.

See, that wasn’t so exhausting. But, what’s essential to recollect, is that that is simply a place to begin. Many college students cease proper there, after which they don’t perceive why their teacher graded them poorly on their thesis assertion. A thesis must be definitive, and shouldn’t be about you. So, you would possibly change the above solutions to statements like:

The relationship between canines and people goes each method; not solely are canines man’s finest good friend, however human interactions have influenced the best way that fashionable canines’ conduct and anatomy.

Many universities require freshmen college students to stay on campus for his or her first yr, which retains college students out of bother, helps college students get higher grades, and will increase their chance of staying at school.

In Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, marriage is seen as plenty of issues, together with as a social mobility instrument, as a mistake, and as a helpful partnership.

Can you see the variations between the primary set of sentences and the second set of thesis statements? It would possibly take a number of tries, however, work to remove phrases and phrases like “I think,” or “My paper is about.”

It can be essential to not be too imprecise. Don’t be afraid to make a robust assertion. If you take a look at the above examples, every one of them makes a selected level concerning the subject. Another key to crafting a robust thesis assertion is ensuring that your thesis is controversial. That doesn’t imply it’s controversial or significantly opinionated, but it surely does imply that somebody may disagree.

For instance, somebody would possibly argue that people haven’t influenced canines all that a lot, that requiring freshman college students to stay on campus isn’t a great factor or that marriage in Austen’s Pride and Prejudice is all about romance. (Another option to examine whether or not or not your assertion is controversial: Are Pride and Prejudice a guide? Yes. So the assertion, “Pride and Prejudice is a book written by Jane Austen,” doesn’t work as a thesis as a result of nobody may disagree. There isn’t any level in writing a whole essay about that apparent truth.) Checking whether or not or not somebody may argue together with your thesis assertion is an efficient option to be sure to have written a robust, particular thesis assertion that may inform you as you write your paper and earn a great grade to your efforts.

After you’ve gotten labored to create a selected, controversial, definitive thesis assertion, that is one other place that it might be useful to examine in together with your professor, a writing heart tutor, or one other trusted educator or mentor. Show them your thesis assertion and ask them in the event that they assume itis a strong thesis that you’ll inform you as you construct your essay.

  Step 6: Create an Outline

Like a bibliography, the best way that you simply create your define could rely on your task. If your instructor requested you to show in an overview, make sure you make an overview that follows the instance, pointers, or necessities you’ve gotten been given. If you aren’t required to write down an overview, it could possibly nonetheless be a useful instrument as you construct your analysis paper.

Creating an overview is absolutely about structuring your paper. Don’t be too formulaic, however, it may be useful to observe patterns and guides. In high school, you might need to write three- or five-paragraph essays, and it’s okay to make use of those self-same patterns for a university analysis paper, however, make sure that no matter the format you select is sensible to your paper. If you’ve gotten two details in your thesis, three or 5 foremost sections won’t work to your analysis paper. If the task asks you to introduce a subject, clarify completely different opinions on the subject, after which select and clarify your opinion, then your paper most likely wants three foremost sections, one for every one of these goals.

As you create an overview, assume critically about what you are attempting to elucidate or talk in your analysis paper and what construction lets you try this in a transparent, organized approach. It normally is sensible to have an introduction and conclusion, however, what goes between will fluctuate based mostly on the contents of your essay.

The outlining stage of manufacturing your argument is a superb time to consider dangerous types of argumentation you must keep away from. If you aren’t aware of logical fallacies, take a while to evaluate the most common fallacies; your grade may rely upon it!

  Step 7: Write

And then, lastly, it’s time to truly write your paper. You would possibly really feel like you must have begun writing sooner, however, relaxation assured: the work you’ve gotten finished up thus far is essential. It will make it easier to create a robust, clear, attention-grabbing analysis paper.

As you write, don’t be a perfectionist. Don’t fear about discovering the proper phrases, utilizing the proper grammar, or crafting the proper title. There is time to good your analysis paper as you edit. Right now, you simply want to write down.

It could be useful to look over your analysis earlier than you begin writing, however, don’t write instantly out of your analysis. If you’re wanting forwards and backward between your sources and your paper as you start writing, it’s simple to repeat concepts without actually creating your personal work. You have finished a whole lot of work already, so the belief that and work from reminiscence as you write your analysis paper. It’s okay to search for a selected quote or statistic, however, basically, your concepts must be your personal at this level.

Working from your personal concepts will make it easier to keep away from plagiarism. Plagiarism is the uncredited use of another person’s phrases or concepts, whether or not you meant to make use of them without credit score or not. This sounds scary, but it surely doesn’t must be. If you observe the steps outlined on this information, you will be assured that you simply’ve created your personal essay that builds on the concepts, writing, and work of others, without stealing, copying, or plagiarising.

If you quote one thing word-for-word, you have to cite your supply. Use citation marks and point out the supply of the quote. You may even want to incorporate extra details about the quote on a Works Cited or References web page. If you paraphrase, that’s, you don’t use the precise phrases, however, do use somebody’s concept, it’s nonetheless essential to offer credit score. You don’t want citation marks right here, however, it is a very important to point out the place the concept comes from.

If one thing is a standard truth (usually accepted if you will discover the very fact acknowledged, without a credit score, in three or extra credible sources), you don’t want to say the place the concept comes from. For instance, Bill Gates is a billionaire who based on Microsoft. That is a standard truth; yow will discover it acknowledged in quite a few reliable sources. But in case your paper is concerning the why behind Bill Gates’ wealth, fame, and success, you then’re going to want to credit score and cite particular quotes and statistics, in addition to theories about why the Microsoft billionaire is so profitable.

  Step 8: Edit for Content

Now that you simply’ve bought a paper written, take a second to congratulate your self. You have finished a whole lot of work to get thus far! And then, get again to work. You nonetheless must edit your paper earlier than it’s prepared to show in. Remember the way you weren’t supposed to fret about being good? You nonetheless don’t want to fret, however, it’s time to make your paper as good as you presumably can.

Start by modifying the content material. This means fascinated by construction, group, wording, and size. You rigorously organized your paper if you created an overview. Now that you’ve got written your paper, does that group nonetheless make sense? If so, nice. If not, what do you have to transfer round? Look rigorously at the way you’ve worded your sentences. Did you talk about what you meant to get throughout? Can you make your paper clearer or simpler to grasp? This can be a great level to assume again to Step 1. Does your paper embrace everything the task requested for? If not, the place are you able to embrace the lacking items?

If your paper is simply too lengthy or too quick, now could be the time to chop it down or construct it as much as an appropriate size. Don’t simply delete your conclusion as a result of your paper is simply too lengthy. Don’t waste your time enjoying the font dimension and margins to attempt to make your essay longer. Be cautious and considerate about these edits. If you have to take one thing out, what is sensible to chop and how will you re-organize your paper in order that it maintains a robust construction? If you have to lengthen your paper, don’t simply randomly add phrases or repeat issues you’ve gotten already stated. Think about the place you would broaden or what you may add that matches in with the remainder of your paper, additionally develop the concepts you’re presenting or provides invaluable info to your analysis paper.

Once you’ve gotten made all of the adjustments you assume essential, learn again by your paper once more to make sure all of it is sensible. Especially when engaged on a pc, it’s simple to go away or delete a phrase, sentence, or paragraph that you simply didn’t imply to. If you’re uninterested in your analysis paper, give it to a good friend, mentor, or instructor and ask them to check out your paper and allow you to know what they consider the content material.

  Step 9: Edit for Grammar

It can be essential to edit for grammar. This might sound daunting, however, there are many instruments and sources that may assist. Check out sources like Grammarly or Strunk and White’s Elements of Style should you’re uncertain of what to do with commas, semicolons, or run-on sentences.

Like modifying for content material, modifying for grammar would possibly take a number of run-throughs. If you have to take a break, that’s tremendous. It may even make it easier to come again to your paper feeling extra targeted, which is essential to catching and fixing errors.

  Step 10: Re-read and Submit your Research Paper

Once you’ve completed Steps 1–9, it’s undoubtedly time to take a break. Give your paper a day or two (or an hour or two, if you’re working quickly on time) and provides it a last read-through. It will be useful to print a duplicate of your paper and browse a hard-copy when you have solely learned by it on a display screen up to now. You would possibly discover errors or formatting points that your eyes missed whereas studying in your pc. Once you’ve gotten learn your analysis paper for the last time and double-checked that your paper does everything the task is asking for, it’s time to submit.

Be positive to observe any directions you’ve gotten been given about handing over your analysis paper. Also, give your self-time to troubleshoot if issues go incorrect. If you attempt to print your paper 5 minutes earlier than class begins, what are you going to do in case your printer is out of toner? If you’re speculated to submit your paper on-line at midnight and the wifi is down if you log in to submit your task at 11:58 PM, regardless that that’s unlucky, it’s nonetheless one thing you would have prevented by logging on with sufficient time to unravel any issues that come up earlier than the deadline. Your instructor will admire and respect your preparedness, and it’ll possible impression your grades positively.

Don’t be afraid to succeed in out to your teacher for assist, however, be affordable and accountable about it. If you go online the day earlier than and see that the place you’re supposed to show in your task is locked or unavailable, ship your instructor an e-mail in order that they may also help you submit your paper earlier than it’s due. Just don’t count on them that will help you in the midst of the evening, on a weekend, or minutes earlier than a task is due. Some instructors would possibly, however you’re simply fortunate at that time. If you put together and provides your self-time to show in a task, you don’t just rely on getting fortunate about whether or not or not your professor is sitting at their pc and obtainable that will help you on the very second you e-mail them.

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